The number of new abortion restrictions ballooned from 43 enacted in 2012 to 70 in 2013. North Dakota and Texas, which did not have legislative sessions in 2012, together enacted 13 restrictions in 2013.
In addition, the 2012 elections brought changes to the legislature in Arkansas and the governor’s mansion in North Carolina that created environments more hostile to abortion; after adopting no abortion restrictions in 2012, these two states together enacted 13 new restrictions in 2013.
by Elizabeth Nash, Rachel Benson Gold, Andrea Rowan, Gwendolyn Rathbun and Yana Vierboom Reproductive health and rights were once again the subject of extensive debate in state capitols in 2013.
Over the course of the year, 39 states enacted 141 provisions related to reproductive health and rights.
This legislative onslaught has dramatically changed the landscape for women needing abortion.
In 2000, the two states that were the most restrictive in the nation, Mississippi and Utah, had five of 10 major types of abortion restrictions in effect (see Appendix).
Twenty-two states enacted 70 abortion restrictions during 2013.
Thirty-nine states limit the provision of abortion services to licensed physicians (see Overview of Abortion Laws).
Also this year, Colorado repealed its pre-Roe abortion law.
Half of these new provisions, 70 in 22 states, sought to restrict access to abortion services.
In sharp contrast to this barrage of abortion restrictions, a handful of states adopted measures designed to expand access to reproductive health services.
Overtly flouting the standard established by Roe v.