In addition, the renewable portion of the mandate can also be satisfied with discretionary blending of advanced biofuels, so we refer to the renewable mandate as an implied mandate.Cellulosic biofuels have been in very limited supply, so the EPA has written down the cellulosic mandate to very low levels relative to statutory levels each year.Ethanol Mandates and the Blend Wall The data needed to analyze the "push" provided by the proposed EPA ethanol mandates for 2014-2016 are presented in Table 2.We begin with a discussion of the data in the EPA proposal, found in the second, third, and fourth columns. These projections, found in row (1) of Table 2, are 136.49, 138.37, and 137.58 billion gallons for 2014, 2015, and 2016, respectively.
The study shows the unintended consequences of a federal policy meant to reduce U. The researchers used satellite images and other data to identify landscape changes over time and used computer modeling to estimate the carbon that had been stored in soil. The Renewable Fuels Association, based in Washington, D. Lark, two graduate students in the department of geography, and the project’s principal investigator, Holly K. The ethanol mandate has been controversial, with critics saying it has led to higher food prices and has spurred pollution by uprooting idle land into crops that require fertilizer and increased energy consumption to produce and refine the crops as a fuel additive. Many pro-ethanol groups say ethanol has been a boon to farm income.
This is the "push" that was implicit in the RFS standards when passed by the U. More specifically, we review the methodology used by the EPA to formulate the ethanol mandates for 2014-2016 and then analyze whether the proposed mandates are likely to provide incentives for ethanol use beyond the E10 blend wall or significantly higher use of non-ethanol biofuels.
Our previous work on implementation of the RFS in light of the challenges presented by the E10 blend wall can be found in several farmdoc daily articles (May 24, 2012; September 26, 2012; November 2, 2012; February 13, 2013; April 10, 2013; September 5, 2013; December 4, 2013; February 19, 2015).
" farmdoc daily (5):102, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, June 3, 2015.
Good "The EPA's Proposed Ethanol Mandates for 2014, 2015, and 2016: Is There a 'Push' or Not?
Compared to the November 2013 preliminary rulemaking, the proposed standards for 2014 are larger for all categories, but below statutory levels for all but biomass-based diesel.