Doric order dating

The space between, or otherwise the metope, is filled at the front by a shallow panel of marble set in between the triglyphs, and the space behind it is filled with another stone which does not exercise any direct significance upon the construction of the entablature.

The most important and widespread building type in ancient Greece was the temple.

He says that stone columns took the place of wooden posts, and the fluting of these columns corresponded to the chamfers of the posts.

The stylobate, plinth, and base, he derives from a sill or beam on which the posts rested.

Another Explanation of Origin of Doric Entablature.

First, we must remember that the wall below is of stone, and that it is unbroken by openings (as at 1 C, Fig. It has no windows, as they would be too much exposed to the inclemencies of the weather. Stone Construction.square upright posts or blocks (3 C), leaving openings between them for the admission of light and air.

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The most recognizable feature of the Greek temple are the massive columns.

Only some columns of the Temple of Poseidon stand today, but intact it would have closely resembled the Temple of Hephaestus beneath the Acropolis, which may have been designed by the same architect.

Cyrene was the most important of the five Greek colonies in present-day Libya.

The details of the Doric Order, and especially of the entablature, are supposed to have been borrowed from the timber framing of the smaller and earlier buildings of the Greeks, and therefore to be a copy, in stone, of the forms and parts of a wooden building.

It was the theory of Vitruvius, the principal ancient writer upon architecture, that the gradual substitution of stone for wood as a building material would naturally account for certain elements in which wood construction in the Doric Order seems to be imitated in stone.

Evidently the builders recognized that the effect produced by these first columns was stumpy and ungraceful.

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